Population: 118. 000
Surface: 14. 163 km 2.
It distances of Montevideo: 496 km
The origins go back at the end of the XVIIth century when the corner formed by the mouth of the river Daymán in the Uruguay known as Itú; that in the Guarani language means `reef ´ (arrecife).
In the XVIIIth century the Jesuits established there an establishment Jesús’s so-called Position and in 1756 the governor of Montevideo José Joaquín de Viana founded a fortification to lodge to his 400 dragons that were returning from a military campaign in the north of the territory. Later it would grow with local migrations and the proceeding ones from Corrientes, Entre Rios and the Missions.
11 thousand members of the Exodus of the Oriental People encamped in `El Salto´ for almost one month at the beginning of December, 1811
The development of his building took place between the year 1927 and 1932. The transport is based on the navigation to steam
It is the fourth department most filled with the interior of the country
The big majority of the urban population (89,5 %) concentrates in capital(Salto).