Canelones stands out for being after Montevideo, the department most filled with the country and one of the most strategic from the geopolitical point of view. Placed on the South of the country, it is the bridge of communication between the capital and the interior of the country, in addition to recipient of foreign visitors, on having been a head office of the International Airport of Carrasco. It borders on Montevideo, San Jose, Florida, Lavalleja and Maldonado.
The original denomination of the city of Canelones, was Villa Guadalupe and it took place in 1774 when the first Canary and Galician colonists settled concerning the chapel devoted to Our Lady of Guadalupe.
The department of Canelones occupies the region south-center of the Uruguay, and has the following departmental and marine limits:
With Montevideo, on the south and on the west by means of the creek Carrasco, the creek Toledo, the chopper Pereira, the creek The Stones up to his confluence with the creek Colorado and this one up to his mouth with the Saint Lucia.
With San Jose, on the west and Con Florida, to north, across the top, average and low courses of the river Saint Lucia.
With Lavalleja, to this one, across a dividing line that begins in the mouth of the creek Casupa and continues up to meeting the creek Solís Grande.
With Maldonado, to this one, by means of the creek Solís Grande, from his confluence with the Mataojo up to his mouth in the River Plate.
With the River Plate, on the south, where one finds the southern coast of the Department, with big number of spas and beaches.
It is provided with a surface of 4.536 km2, and 485.028 inhabitants, this is, approximately 15 % of the entire population of the national territory. With almost 100 inhabitants for km2, it is also, the department more densely town of the interior of the country.
His territory, lightly wavy and plenary meeting of flatness, is provided with a rich wealth of integral creeks of the basin of the river Saint Lucia, source of wealth acuífera drinkable for all the south of the country, which ends up by ending on the coasts of the River Plate. Some lakes of big size exist also, tajamares or reservoirs and excavated wells that store water during the winter for the irrigation in summer
Uruguay has a moderate climate due to his geographical place. In they show clearly four stations defined especially by the changes of temperature. Although the country does not present big differences of climate in the whole territory in the South zone the best conditions are for the production of fruit trees of senile sheet because it is provided with a favorable climate according to good availability of winter cold. This zone is characterized by approximately 1000 to 1050 units of cold. Also it has ideal conditions for the dads’ production, onions, garlics and tomato for industry, at the different seasons.
A Look to Canelones Productivo
The Department is much changed from the point of view of his economy. Although his principal characteristic is to be a food provider for the whole country and good part of the world, the diversity of his economy must not be ignored from the point of view of the regionalización.
It is so one is provided with a metropolitan zone centred on the services, where he emphasizes the passage towards the East of the country and the most significant presence of the big surfaces of commercialization (supermarkets and large supermarkets) of the country. In this zone they coexist also, the industrial activity with the small developments of fruit trees, vegetables and vineyards, making use of the competitive advantages of closeness with the Port, the Market Shaped (coordinating of the agricultural activity) and other of the capital infrastructures.
Canelones to the East
More towards the East, and always on the coast, he emphasizes the tourist activity centred on the so-called ‘Gold Coast’, with spas of big natural beauty and finished in hotel, gastronomic and recreative infrastructure, since it is the case of Atlantis.
The deep interior of the Department is characterized meanwhile by the practice of the most extensive cultures in cereals and vegetables, developing even mixed systems of cultures and cattle intensive production. The farm, the dairy, the afforestation, the baby of pigs, of chickens, of rheas and of bees also are very widespread. The quality and quantity of production has allowed, for consequence, the development of an interesting production of milk, sweets, honey, sausages and eggs.
Wine vaults and refrigerators
The case of the wines deserves a special mention: many “Canarias” wine vaults have got some of the most important international awards for the quality of a production that combines the technology most updated with the handmade tradition of the families that they inherit generation after generation, the secrets of such a noble office. The variety of grape “Tannat”, recognized internationally it is most used in the region.
Also it is necessary to indicate the importance that in the Department has the refrigerating activity where one concentrates more than 50 % of the national whole, as well as the textile industry, the tanneries, the metallurgical activity and the set of the industry of the feeding.
The availability of resources, especially I occur rarely, it allows the growth of the production of any of the titles. The intensive titles, like fruit farming, gardening, birds, pigs, etc., can increase according to using the resources destined at present to the extensive cattle production, which occupies almost the half of the agricultural soils of the department.
New available markets and investment would generate destined work to occupy the nearby settlers of the peoples and towns and it improves the standard of living of the rural families that today realize the production for the internal market. We are provided today with the essential resources for the development: the ground, the quality humanizes and being able to do.
Industry in Canelones
The departmental industry gives work to the fourth part of the Canary population, especially in the metropolitan zone (closeness with Montevideo); in cities especially attractive from the point of view of the industrial production as it is the case of Bulging, The Stones I Spend Carrasco, or even La Paz, Cannelloni or San Ramón.
Logically that for a key department in the production of food, the agribusiness emphasizes especially for his incidence. Especially the Refrigerators have had and have the principal contribution in the generation of the gross industrial product of the department. The meat industry has been traditionally the principal title of exportation of the country, totalizing approximately the fourth part of the whole of selling out of the country. Canelones, in turn, assembles several of the principal refrigerating establishments.
It is a question of some of the signatures most recognized on the international market, for the high technological level of his plants, the training of his personnel, and the meticulous pursuit of the norms of hygiene and health. This enables them to sell his meat products to the most demanding markets of EUA, Israel and Europe, in addition to the diverse Latin-American countries.
The names of Refrigerator Canelones, Las Piedras, San Jacinto, Carrasco or Pando, for example, they stand out for his special impact in the economy of the country.
Also cradle of the paper industry is Canelones, especially in Bulging, with the installation of the companies Bulging IPUSA and the cartonera and wastebasket; the chemical industry settled down in the Technological Pole that in the said city began to project the Faculty of Chemistry; the production of ceramics, led for worldwide famous Metzen and Seine settled down in Emplame Olmos; as well as the textile industry, industry of the dressmaking, metal industry and industry extract.
Other titles agroindustriales importance perform in addition to the production of wines, the industrialization of fruits and vegetables-destacándose La Granjera in Sauce with three generations of the family Pancini in her-, the manufacture of rations for animals, the mills of flour – as the cooperative mill Santa Rosa in the city of the same name-, the production of refreshing drinks, the factories of pastas, as well as the baker’s and confectioneries.