Politic of Uruguay
The Republica Oriental del Uruguay was born in 1830 as such.
His name comes from the Guarani language and means “River of the painted birds”.
It is the second smallest nation of South America and one is of the stablest a politics and economically.
With a terrestrial surface of 176.220 km ², he have also his sovereignty on 136.935 km ² of marine, fluvial and lacustrine waters.
Government and Politics of Uruguay
The official language in Uruguay is the Castilian (spanish).
In Uruguay exists a mixed or semi-representative democracy, in which,
predominates the character representative of the government and certain forms of direct government are supported on the part of the people (referenda, plebiscites).
The democracy in Uruguay has his very deep roots in the people. The persons learned to solve his differences in the urns without never resorting to the violence.
The republic has a presidencialista system and his government separates in three independent powers: Executive power; Legislature; Judicial Power.
The Executive power is exercised by the President of the Republic, who acts jointly with the Vice-president and the Cabinet.
The President is simultaneously a head of state and Government, and it is elect together with the Vice-president by means of popular direct election, whereas these designate in turn to the cabinet.
The President has an order of 5 years without immediate reelection even after equal period from the cessation of his charge. They are chosen in the same candidacy presented by the respective party. In case that any candidacy obtains the absolute majority of the votes, one proceeds to a second turned between the first two majorities. In the above mentioned voting there turns out to be winning the candidacy that obtains the simple majority of the votes.
The Legislature is a bicameral General Assembly or Asamblea General that consists of Chamber of Senators or Camara de Senadores (30 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms; vice president has one vote in the Senate) and Chamber of Representatives or Camara de Representantes (99 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
The Judicial Power is headed by the Supreme Court of Justice, which members are named by the General Assembly by means of a majority of two thirds and his period is ten years. The Supreme Court of Justice is the last instacia of appeal and is also the manager of judging the constitutionality of the laws.
The national currency is the ” Peso Uruguayo” (uruguayan peso).
Uruguayan economy :
The Uruguayan economy is based on the cattle production. The cattle and sheep is the most important thing; meat, wool, leather and other by-products constitute the principal exports. Of minor relevancy for the economy are the agricultural crops, between them, the linen, the rice, and the sugar beetroot.
The mineral resources are scarce, but the industry has grown thanks to the imports of fuels and primary materials. The principal industry is that of the feeding, secondly the textile and the chemistry. Also the road network is good and the tourism grows rapidly. The tourism and the financial services constitute important economic resources.
The Uruguayan population is constituted essentially from the contribution of groups of immigrants. The indigenous original peoples almost have disappeared, so at present the immense majority of the Uruguayan are progeny of Spanish and Italians, and of Guarani and African but very few.
In spite of all this, recent studies reflect that a big percentage of the Uruguayan has ancestry with the indigenous groups that formerly were inhabiting the country.
Religion: Laity state, with absolute freedom of worships. The majority religion is the Catholicism, with 66 % of followers, although big part of this percentage they are not practicing. There is 2 % of Protestants and a 1 % of Jews. Approximately 31 % of the population does not profess any religion.
Education: The fundamental beginning of the education in the Uruguay is that it must be laity , gratuitous and obligatory.
Music: The excellent music from the “Río de la Plata “region the tango (and his minor sister, the milonga), but Uruguay possesses also rhythms that are exclusive, as the candombe and the “murga”. Between the musicians and out-standing singers there are Carlos Gardel, Julio Sosa, Jaime Roos, Jorge Drexler, Eduardo Mateo, Ruben Rada and Alfredo Zitarrosa.
Literature: The poetry is born with Bartolomé Hidalgo, the romantic are represented in the work of Adolfo Berro. In 1900 Julio Herrera y Reissig is the precursor of the avant-garde Spanish-American poetry. Between the lyric ones Emilio Frugoni and Emilio Oribe stand out. Between the intellectual values with recent production, there stand out Juan Carlos Onetti, Carlos Martínez Moreno, Eduardo Galeano, Mario Benedetti and Jorge Majfud. In the theater Florencio Sánchez stands out. Other poets: Juana de Ibarbourou and Delmira Agustini.